North West Science and Expertise has led to many cutting edge scientific breakthroughs, comparable to Britain’s first aeroplane, the delivery of the first check tube baby, splitting the atom, and the world’s first pc. See eg., President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Expertise, Federal Vitality Research and Improvement for the Challenges of the 21st Century (Executive Workplace of the President of the United States, Washington, DC, 2007) ; World Vitality Council (WEC), Power Technologies for the 21st Century (WEC, London, 2001); National Commission on Power Policy (NCEP), Breaking the Vitality Stalemate (NCEP, Washington, DC, 2004); and G. F. Nemet, D. M. Kammen, Energy Policy 35, 746 (2007).

We have now laid much emphasis on the development of science and technology as a significant instrument for attaining nationwide goals of self-reliance and socioeconomic progress. Mechanisms to do that include leading policy and technical meetings and trips, Science and Expertise Agreements, and multilateral engagements in fora such as Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).

In Zambia Science and Know-how work is carried out largely by the National Council for Scientific Analysis (NCSR), College of Zambia (UNZA), line Ministries principally, Agriculture Food and Fisheries, Atmosphere and Natural Sources, Mines and Minerals Growth and Health …